052
FXUS63 KEAX 251936
AFDEAX

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Kansas City/Pleasant Hill MO
236 PM CDT Tue Jun 25 2024

.KEY MESSAGES...

- Strong to severe thunderstorms possible tonight in much of the
  area. Damaging wind gusts and heavy rainfall are the primary
  threats.

- Wednesday will be cooler with mainly dry conditions expected.

- Briefly hotter weather will return late in the week, but more
  rounds of storms are also anticipated.

- Forecast uncertainty remains high this weekend into next week,
  but another round of heat may occur leading up to the Fourth
  of July.

&&

.DISCUSSION...
Issued at 142 PM CDT Tue Jun 25 2024

Challenging forecast today, with the overall pattern seasonally
nebulous, and many of the driving factors toward precipitation
and temperature changes associated with low-amplitude and
convectively augmented perturbations. Main forecast concerns are
severe-weather potential tonight, more storm potential late
this week, and temperatures throughout the next seven days.

Current conditions are variable across the CWA, with isolated to
widely scattered storms bringing temporary relief from an
otherwise hot and humid day across the region. In areas
unaffected by storms, storm outflow, and/or residual cloud
cover, heat indices have approached/exceeded advisory criteria
across the region. Otherwise, the convectively modified air has
kept heat indices generally below 100 degrees. Given the
variability across the area, see no reason to cancel the
advisory early at this time.

Meanwhile, the storm potential tonight remains, and convection-
allowing models (CAMs) are beginning to converge on a general
solution involving initial development in northeast Nebraska
into southern Iowa from mid to late evening before upscale
growth and propagation effects promote a southeastward-
progressing convective system through far northeastern Kansas
and much of Missouri overnight. However, models have not
converged on timing, with the time window ranging from 02z to
12z depending on the deterministic CAM of choice. Confidence is
generally higher in greater coverage across the area given model
trends, and PoPs have been nudged upward across the CWA
(generally ranging from 60 to 90 percent). Current thinking is
that the slower timing may win out (given a subtle trend in this
direction today), and aside from the isolated convection
occurring in our region this afternoon/evening, there may be
little activity in our CWA until after midnight.

The preconvective environment tonight is certainly adequate for
severe weather (mainly damaging winds), given strongly unstable
profiles (MUCAPE 3000-4000 J/kg), substantial DCAPE (>1500
J/kg), and sufficient cloud-layer shear (25-35 kt). PWs are also
unusually high (1.75-2 inches), so any training convection
(particularly on the west/southwest side of a developing
line/complex of storms) will bear watching for localized flash
flooding. Most CAMs indicate a primarily forward-propagating
MCS, and this combined with the general variability of CAM
solutions precludes issuance of a flood watch at this time.

Given the aforementioned mostly progressive nature of the
convection, the convective system should be exiting stage
southeast Wednesday morning, with noticeably cooler air in its
wake. Conditions should be mostly dry through Thursday, as
shortwave ridging migrates through the central Plains.

The forecast becomes considerably more challenging Thursday
afternoon onward, as weak large-scale ridging encompasses much
of the southern U.S., and active quasi-zonal flow targets the
northern U.S. The central Plains will be near the interface of
the two regimes, leading to a series of perturbations bringing
occasional bouts of convection and a roller coaster ride of
temperatures the following several days. Models are hinting at
multiple vorticity maxima traversing the area late this week,
with ridge amplification sufficient to warm the region back up
into the toasty range by Friday. However, the multiple shortwave
troughs will eventually lead to rounds of convection, which may
stunt heating sufficiently to keep us well below heat-advisory
criteria. The hot and humid thermodynamic environment available
to the traversing perturbations may lead to heavy rainfall in
portions of the region late in the week into the weekend, which
will be closely monitored (particularly given potential
exacerbating effects from the Missouri River flooding expected -
see the hydrology section below).

The primary challenges in such a pattern revolve around timing
of precipitation and subsequent effects on forecast highs/lows.
Models are exhibiting fairly large ranges in temperatures this
weekend into early next week as a result, leading to a low-
confidence forecast subject to considerable change over the
course of the next few days. Nevertheless, the overall pattern
looks active and mostly warmer-than-average leading up to the
Fourth of July.

&&

.AVIATION /18Z TAFS THROUGH 18Z WEDNESDAY/...
Issued at 1225 PM CDT Tue Jun 25 2024

Challenging TAFs for the next 24 hours. Models have done quite
poorly with convection this morning across the region, so
confidence is quite low even for the next six hours. Any showers
and storms this afternoon will be spotty and will affect a given
terminal briefly; however, confidence is generally too low for
any mention of TS through early this evening. However, models
are trending slower and for more coverage of storms in far
eastern Kansas and western Missouri overnight. Timing
uncertainty of storms is very high, with spread of 6-8 hours
apparent in short-term models. For now, generally included a
consensus time window of 04z to 10z for the TAF sites. Brief
restrictions and erratic winds/gusts should be expected in
vicinity of storms. As for winds, primarily south or southwest
winds expected through tonight, with speeds of 7 to 15 kt and
occasional gusts to 20 kt or so (outside of convection). By
tomorrow morning, winds should become northwesterly/northerly.

&&

.HYDROLOGY...
Issued at 352 PM CDT Mon Jun 24 2024

Areas upstream of the MO River have received several inches of
rainfall in recent days. Runoff from these rains is funneling
into the MO River and should make its way downstream over the
next several days. Forecasts anticipate some areas reaching
minor to moderate flood stage towards the end of the week.
Please visit our local river forecast page at
water.noaa.gov/wfo/eax to view updated forecasts. Note that
forecasted river stages and timing may be significantly
affected by updated information and additional rainfall around
the region.

&&

.EAX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
MO...Heat Advisory until 8 PM CDT this evening for MOZ001>006-
     011>015-020>023-028>033-037>040-043>046-053-054.
KS...Heat Advisory until 8 PM CDT this evening for KSZ025-057-060-
     102>105.

&&

$$

DISCUSSION...CMS
AVIATION...CMS
HYDROLOGY...Pesel

NWS EAX Office Area Forecast Discussion